In November 2008 Russian archeologists discovered ancient stone tools on the Socotra Island. In view of the fact that scientists relate the things found to Oldowan (earlier spelled Olduwan or sometimes Oldawan), the first known tool complex in prehistory, this finding can be regarded as a worldwide archeologic sensation.
The Socotrans have been harvesting honey since the old days. But it was only 2007 that became a starting point in the history of the modern beekeeping and manufacture of the unique Socotran honey.
The United Nations Children's Fund continued financing development of formal education on the Yemeni Socotra Archipelago, which was initiated in 2007. At the end of 2008 68 Socotra’s schools were equipped with school and office furniture and schoolchildren were given schoolbags with a full set of writing implements.
On Socotra, Yemen’s remote island, there were discovered the stone implements moving the history of the island almost one million years away. Previously, most researchers reckoned that this big island located near the Horn of Africa had been settled not so long ago.
The Socotra Archipelago, a part of the Republic of Yemen, consists of the biggest Socotra Island and a few small ones, of which Abd-el-Kuri, the closest island to the Horn of Africa, and Samha Island, one of Al-Ikhvan islands (Samha and Darsa), are settled by people. Darsa Island is peopleless. The smaller islands and rocks are uninhabitable.
In the Soviet Union times the island was well-known primarily to our military men. The name of the island was often mentioned in the Western media when there was raised an uproar over “Soviet Union’s military presence” in the Red Sea and Horn of Africa Regions. Today also many people, both in Russia and abroad, believe that Socotra was a place where an important Soviet military base was developed like it was in Berbera, on the northern coast of Somali.
The famous scientist and journalist Mukhammad Megalommatis published an article about Socotra of the “Periplus of the Erythraean Sea” (mid-1st century A.D.) epoch.
At the present time archeologists have discovered 80 archeological evidences of various historical epochs of Socotra.
English scientist Brian Lougery states that it was Socotra where a Shakespeare’s play was put on for the first time in the Arab world!